Current power supplies for military and government operations rely heavily on diesel generators, which are often oversized and lead to inefficiencies and increased emissions of heat, noise and exhaust fumes. Diesel dependency is a critical vulnerability and severely limits the resilience and operational capability of deployed forces, especially in conflict zones where fuel supply requires regular convoys through contested areas. This logistical challenge must be addressed from the perspectives of improving operational capabilities, increasing resilience and autonomy, reducing the environmental footprint and costs, reducing the signature and visibility of deployed forces and expanding their area of operations.
In addition, NATO forces have set themselves the goal of becoming climate neutral by 2050. In June 2021, the Defence Ministers of NATO member states issued a Joint Statement on the Climate and Security Agenda, committing to recognise climate change as a threat to international security and to take action to minimise the impact of defence activities on the environment.
New technologies must therefore be combined to sustainably reduce the need for diesel and expand the capabilities of troops. Only in this way can energy be permanently provided in a demand-oriented, secure, cost-effective and regenerative manner. Thus, the energy infrastructure of armed forces no longer depends on individual methods of energy generation, but focuses on selecting the appropriate energy sources for the requirements of each mission.